SLEEP APNEA: TYPES, SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder where the person starts and stops his breathing during sleep, which can be extremely disturbing. Also, one might even feel tired even after a full night’s sleep. In this article, we are going to be discussing Sleep Apnea types, symptoms ad causes.

Types of sleep apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea: This is the most common type of sleep apnea which occurs when your throat muscles relax.

Central sleep apnea: This is a type of sleep apnea where your brain does not send proper signals to the muscles which are responsible for breathing.

Complex sleep apnea syndrome: This type of sleep apnea is also known as Treatment-emergent central sleep apnea where the person has both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.

The symptoms of sleep apnea

There are certain signs which you can determine on your own. Some of the most common signs of sleep apnea include loud snoring, gasping for air during sleep, Morning headaches, insomnia, difficulty paying attention, irritability, episodes of not being able to breathe during sleep, waking up with a dry mouth.

Causes of sleep apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea

This occurs when the muscles of your throat relax, and the airway narrows and closes as you breath. This can cause you to not breathe in enough air, which lowers oxygen in the blood. This the reason your brain has to arouse to help open your airway, this happens for a brief moment of time which you do not even remember. This obstructs you from getting deep, restful sleep. There are various risks factors when it comes to determining if you can develop obstructive sleep apnea or not which include excess weight, a narrow airway, family history if you are a smoker if you use nasal congestions. Generally for obstructive sleep apnea treatment doctor recommend weight loss for immediate and best results.

Central sleep apnea

This is a type of sleep apnea where your brain fails to send signals to the muscles responsible for breathing. This means that your brain has forgotten to breathe for a small period of time, which can lead you to have a difficult time sleeping and staying asleep. Some risk factors include being older and being a male as these symptoms are generally seen in men than in women, heart disorders if you use narcotic pain medication if you have previously experienced a stroke.

Some complications that can happen due to other medical conditions include

Daytime fatigue: Due to the fact that a person suffering from sleep apnea have to deal with a repeated awakening which can make normal sleep impossible. This can be the reason you are feeling much more irritable and feeling fatigued just by watching TV.

High blood pressure: Sudden drop in blood oxygen level can be the reason you have sleep apnea, which can put a strain on the cardiovascular system and obstruct the normal functioning of the body.

Type 2 diabetes: the chances of a person developing sleep apnea increases if you have an insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.

Liver problems: If you have signs of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, you are more likely to develop sleep apnea.

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